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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Toxic acute renal failure in the rat: effects of L-arginine and N-methyl-L-arginine on renal function.

Nitric oxide (NO) is generated from L-arginine (Arg) by different isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and plays a major role in maintaining the high basal renal blood flow. NO also is involved in the regulation of glomerular haemodynamics and contractility of mesangial cells. We examined the hypothesis that L-arginine-derived NO modifies toxic ARF in the rat. After a basal period uranyl nitrate (UN) was given intravenously as a bolus injection (25 mg/kg over 5 min) to induce ARF. After the initiation phase of ARF (3 h) saline in the control group (C) and drugs in the experimental groups (I-III, each n = 8) were administered for 60 min. Group I, Arg (300 mg/kg); group II, MeArg (30 mg/kg); group III, Arg + MeArg (300 mg/kg, 30 mg/kg resp.). The experiments were continued for further 60 min following the infusion period. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR, inulin clearance) was reduced 3 h after UN to about 50% of normal values in groups I-III and control group (I, 0.52 +/- 0.06; II, 0.51 +/- 0.05; III, 0.49 +/- 0.05; C, 0.50 +/- 0.07 ml/min). After infusion of Arg GFR had significantly improved (0.64 +/- 0.07), but further declined after MeArg (0.46 +/- 0.06) in relation to control (0.47 +/- 0.07). This negative effect could be overcome by combined administration of Arg + MeArg (0.59 +/- 0.07). One hour after the infusion period these effects were even more pronounced (Arg, 0.71 +/- 0.06; MeArg, 0.43 +/- 0.05; Arg + MeArg, 0.65 +/- 0.07; C, 0.46 +/- 0.05). We conclude that the L-arginine/NO pathway is involved in toxic ARF of the rat.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Toxic acute renal failure in the rat: effects of L-arginine and N-methyl-L-arginine on renal function. Schramm, L., Heidbreder, E., Lopau, K., Schaar, J., De Cicco, D., Götz, R., Heidland, A. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. (1994) [Pubmed]
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