The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantitative RT-PCR assays show Xist RNA levels are low in mouse female adult tissue, embryos and embryoid bodies.

We have investigated expression of the Xist gene in mouse female adult kidney, embryos and embryonic stem (ES) cells undergoing in vitro differentiation as embryoid bodies. Using the quantitative RT-PCR single nucleotide primer extension (SNuPE) assay, we found that the amount of Xist RNA in adult kidney of three mouse strains was less than approximately 2000 transcripts per cell, with only modest differences between strains carrying different Xce alleles. Female embryos 7.5 days post coitum had the same number of Xist transcripts per cell as isogenic adult tissue. Using quantitative oligonucleotide hybridization assays after RT-PCR, we investigated Xist expression in ES lines heterozygous at the Pgk-1 and Xist loci. We found that, while in most (XX) ES lines Xist RNA levels increased during embryoid body formation, the levels seen were less than 10% those found in adult female kidney. In addition, we found that the allelic ratio of Xist transcripts from reciprocal (XX) ES cell lines differentiating in vitro was identical to that of isogenic 10.5 to 11.5 day female embryos. These latter results suggest that there is no pattern of preferential paternal imprinting during days 1 to 9 of in vitro differentiation of ES cells. However, the influence of the Xce locus on the randomness of X-inactivation in embryos seems to operate also in ES cell lines. Our overall conclusion is that the low levels of Xist RNA in female kidney, embryos and differentiating (XX) ES cells are compatible only with models that do not require Xist RNA to cover the entire inactive X chromosome.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities