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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Relationships among concentrations of steroids, insulin-like growth factor-I, and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in ovarian follicular fluid of beef cattle.

The relationship between ovarian follicular steroidogenesis and insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) activity was evaluated during the follicular phase of the bovine estrous cycle. In experiment 1, follicles were collected from cyclic cows (n = 11) slaughtered at 48 h after administration of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF; 35 mg i.m.). In experiment 2, cows were injected twice daily with saline (control) or FSH (FSH cows; total dosage = 42 mg) from Day 2 to Day 6 (estrus = Day 0) and with PGF (35 mg i.m.) on Day 7; follicles were collected from control cows (n = 20) slaughtered at 0, 24, 48, or 72 h and from FSH cows (n = 8) at 0 and 48 h after PGF. Follicular fluid was assayed for estradiol (E2), androstenedione (A4), progesterone (P4), and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) by RIA and for IGFBP activity by ligand blotting and densitometry. Intensities of the 34-kDa (IGFBP-2), 29-27-kDa, and 22-kDa IGFBP bands in follicular fluid were nondetectable or were lower (p < 0.01) in the fluid of large (> or = 8 mm) E-active (E-A; E2 > 50 ng/ml and > P4) follicles than in large E-inactive (E-I), medium (5-7 mm), or small (< 5 mm) follicles. IGFBP-3 (44-40-kDa doublet) was unaffected by follicle stage in experiment 1, but IGFBP-3 was lower (p < 0.01) in follicular fluid of E-A vs. E-I large follicles in experiment 2. Profiles of IGFBP activity were similar in follicular fluid of small, medium, and E-I large follicles. In experiment 2, E2 concentrations in large E-A follicles increased (p < 0.01) from 0 to 48 h after the PGF injection for control cows but decreased (p < 0.01) for FSH cows, whereas follicular fluid IGFBP-2 binding activity decreased from 0 to 48 h after PGF in controls and increased in FSH cows (treatment x time, p < 0.05). IGFBP-3 binding was unaffected by FSH treatment or time after administration of PGF. Profiles of IGFBP activity in homogenates of granulosa or theca cells were similar to follicular fluid profiles except for the absence of IGFBP-3 binding activity. The disappearance of binding activities for IGFBP-2 and smaller-molecular-mass IGFBPs in E-A follicles suggests a possible regulatory role for IGFBPs in follicular maturation and on aromatase activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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