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Cloning the rat homolog of the CD28/CTLA-4-ligand B7-1: structural and functional analysis.

T cell activation involves the delivery of two independent signals to the naive T cell. The first signal occurs with engagement of the TCR. One of the best characterized second signals is ligation of CD28 on the surface of T cells by B7 molecules (B7-1, B7-2) present on the surface of activated antigen presenting cells (APCs). Recent studies have demonstrated that injection of a human fusion protein, CTLA-4-Ig, which in humans binds to both B7-1 and B7-2, prevents cardiac allograft rejection in a rat transplantation model when given 48 h after engraftment. In order to better characterize the role of B7-1 (which is maximally expressed 48 h after activation of APCs) in this model, as well as in models of tumor-induced immune responses, we have cloned the rat homolog of B7-1, and now report on its structure and function. A 1030 bp cDNA containing the entire coding sequence of the rat B7-1 was cloned with a polymerase chain reaction strategy utilizing degenerate primers derived from published murine and human B7-1 sequences. The rat B7-1 coding sequence is 67 and 81% homologous to human and murine B7-1 cDNAs, and the predicted peptide sequence is likewise 57 and 66% identical to the peptide sequences of human and murine B7-1 respectively. The greatest area of identity occurs in the extracellular portion of the molecule, particularly the Ig-C like domain.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. Cloning the rat homolog of the CD28/CTLA-4-ligand B7-1: structural and functional analysis. Judge, T.A., Liu, M., Christensen, P.J., Fak, J.J., Turka, L.A. Int. Immunol. (1995) [Pubmed]
 
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