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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specific binding of endocrine transforming growth factor-beta 1 to vascular endothelium.

The presentation of recombinant biologically active 125I-TGF-beta 1 via the bloodstream to potential target cells in mice and rats was evaluated by quantitative light and electron microscope radioautography. Specificity was evaluated by in vivo competition with excess unlabeled TGF-beta 1, and integrity of the ligand at the binding site was demonstrated by trichloroacetic acid precipitation after extraction from tissues. The distribution of radiolabel at 2.5, 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after 125I-TGF-beta 1 injection revealed radiolabel principally over microvasculature endothelium but at times > 2.5 min over endothelial endocytic components indicative of internalization. Nonspecific binding of 125I-TGF-beta 1 to the apex of the proximal convoluted tubule of the kidney indicated it as the likely site of rapid clearance of TGF-beta 1 from the circulation, while a comparison of the binding of 125I-TGF-beta 1 (endothelial) to that of 125I-TGF-beta 1 complexed with alpha 2-macroglobulin-methylamine (liver parenchyma) indicated that clearance of TGF-beta 1 complexed alpha 2-macroglobulin was likely via the hepatic alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor. The endothelial TGF-beta receptors uncovered here are likely involved in the local regulatory mechanism of leukocyte and monocyte adhesion and tissue infiltration regulated by endocrine TGF-beta 1.[1]


  1. Specific binding of endocrine transforming growth factor-beta 1 to vascular endothelium. Dickson, K., Philip, A., Warshawsky, H., O'Connor-McCourt, M., Bergeron, J.J. J. Clin. Invest. (1995) [Pubmed]
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