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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protection of UV-radiation induced skin toxicity by reactive oxygen scavengers.

Although, photoaddition reactions of psoralens with DNA and membrane lipid are regarded as the major photochemical events responsible for skin-photosensitization and photochemotherapeutic properties, their O2-dependent reactive oxygen specie (ROS) generating potential is also responsible for biologic photooxidation reactions and cutaneous phototoxicity. We have investigated the skin-sensitization reactions of psoralen in presence of selected free radical scavengers. The results confirm that sodium azide, DABCO and beta-carotene inhibited considerably the 1O2 generation reactions in a chemical system (determined by monitoring the bleaching of N,N-dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline in the presence of histidine used as a selective acceptor of 1O2) as well as skin sensitization in vivo (epilated guinea pig skin). These observation suggest that the O2-dependent photodynamic action of psoralen contributes significantly to the development of cutaneous toxicity which can be inhibited by selective scavengers of 1O2.[1]


  1. Protection of UV-radiation induced skin toxicity by reactive oxygen scavengers. Ray, R.S., Joshi, P.C. Indian J. Exp. Biol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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