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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Disposition and metabolism of the angiogenic moderator O-(chloroacetyl-carbamoyl) fumagillol (TNP-470; AGM-1470) in human hepatocytes and tissue microsomes.

The biotransformation of O-(chloroacetyl-carbamoyl) fumagillol (TNP-470; AGM 1470), a potent in vitro inhibitor of angiogenesis, was investigated in primary cultured human hepatocytes and microsomal fractions of various human tissues. Exposure of human hepatocytes to 5 microM [3H]TNP-470 led to a rapid metabolism of unchanged drug to six metabolic derivatives within 30 min. The predominant extracellular metabolites were M-II and M-IV, attaining a maximum level of 3.23 +/- 0.34 and 0.88 +/- 0.10 microM, respectively. M-II leveled off, while M-IV rapidly declined to 0.06 +/- 0.05 microM by 3 h. TNP-470 was undetectable after 60 min. M-V and M-VI slowly reached maximal concentrations of 0.26 +/- 0.12 and 0.32 +/- 0.16 microM, respectively. M-I only reached a concentration of 0.18 +/- 0.07 microM at 60 min and leveled at 0.13 +/- 0.06 microM for the remaining time of the experiment. The intracellular profile was different, with M-III and M-V representing the major metabolites detected. Studies using human liver microsomes demonstrated that M-IV formation was associated with an esterase-like enzymatic cleavage of TNP-470 and that this metabolite was then further metabolized by microsomal epoxide hydrolase to M-II, as evidenced by inhibition of this metabolic step by cyclohexene oxide, a microsomal epoxide hydrolase inhibitor. Extrahepatic metabolism of TNP-470 was also demonstrated using different sites of human intestinal, stomach, and kidney microsomes, with metabolite M-IV as the principal derivative detected in these tissues. Hepatic microsomal samples from seven different donors demonstrated large interindividual variations in the formation of both M-II and M-IV. In summary, this study demonstrates a rapid and extensive metabolism of TNP-470 in human tissues. The data emphasize the need to evaluate the in vivo formation and extent of TNP-470 metabolites to adequately assess the pharmacodynamic effects of this novel anticancer drug with a novel mechanism of action.[1]


  1. Disposition and metabolism of the angiogenic moderator O-(chloroacetyl-carbamoyl) fumagillol (TNP-470; AGM-1470) in human hepatocytes and tissue microsomes. Placidi, L., Cretton-Scott, E., de Sousa, G., Rahmani, R., Placidi, M., Sommadossi, J.P. Cancer Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
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