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Recombinant CD30 ligand and CD40 ligand share common biological activities on Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells.

The CD30 ligand (CD30L) and CD40L are members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) protein superfamily, CD30L and CD40L are mainly expressed as membrane-bound proteins by activated T cells. CD30L and CD40L are costimulatory for T cell proliferation and activation. Further, CD40L is a critical signal for T cell-dependent activation of B cells. Primary and cultured Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (H-RS) cells, the neoplastic component of Hodgkin's disease (HD), express high levels of the counterreceptors CD30 and CD40. We have found that both the recombinant CD30L and CD40L enhanced interleukin (IL)-6, TNF and lymphotoxin (LT)-alpha release from cultured H-RS cells. In addition, CD40L, but not CD30L, induced IL-8 secretion. CD30L and CD40L seem to share some redundant biological activities involved in the deregulated secretion of cytokines known to play a central role in the clinical presentation and pathology of HD. Further, CD30L enhanced surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1/CD54) on cultured H-RS cells, which is frequently overexpressed on primary H-RS cells. CD30L- and CD40L-enhanced CD54 surface expression is followed by elevated shedding of CD54, as shown by detection of elevated 82-kDa soluble (s) CD54 levels in culture supernatants after stimulation with both ligands. CD30L and CD40L share common pleiotropic biological activities on CD30+/CD40+ H-RS cells and are elements of the cytokine and cell contact-dependent activation network typical for HD, a tumor of cytokine producing cells.[1]

References

  1. Recombinant CD30 ligand and CD40 ligand share common biological activities on Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells. Gruss, H.J., Ulrich, D., Braddy, S., Armitage, R.J., Dower, S.K. Eur. J. Immunol. (1995) [Pubmed]
 
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