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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Function of the p86 subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor (iso)4F as a microtubule-associated protein in plant cells.

The isozyme form of eukaryotic initiation factor 4F [eIF-(iso)4F] from wheat germ is composed of a p28 subunit that binds the 7-methylguanine cap of mRNA and a p86 subunit having unknown function. The p86 subunit was found to have limited sequence similarity to a kinesin-like protein encoded by the katA gene of Arabidopsis thaliana. Native wheat germ eIF-(iso)4F and bacterially expressed p86 subunit and p86-p28 complex bound to taxol-stabilized maize microtubules (MTs) in vitro. Binding saturation occurred at 1 mol of p86 per 5-6 mol of polymerized tubulin dimer, demonstrating a substoichiometric interaction of p86 with MTs. No evidence was found for a direct interaction of the p28 subunit with MTs. Unlike kinesin, cosedimentation of eIF-(iso)4F with MTs was neither reduced by MgATP nor enhanced by adenosine 5'-[gamma-imido]triphosphate. Both p86 subunit and p86-p28 complex induced the bundling of MTs in vitro. The p86 subunit was immunolocalized to the cytosol in root maize cells and existed in three forms: fine particles, coarse particles, and linear patches. Many coarse particles and linear patches were colocalized or closely associated with cortical MT bundles in interphase cells. The results indicate that the p86 subunit of eIF-(iso)4F is a MT-associated protein that may simultaneously link the translational machinery to the cytoskeleton and regulate MT disposition in plant cells.[1]


  1. Function of the p86 subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor (iso)4F as a microtubule-associated protein in plant cells. Bokros, C.L., Hugdahl, J.D., Kim, H.H., Hanesworth, V.R., van Heerden, A., Browning, K.S., Morejohn, L.C. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]
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