The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of mouse erythroid band 3- mediated chloride transport by site-directed mutagenesis of histidine residues and its reversal by second site mutation of Lys 558, the locus of covalent H2DIDS binding.

Substitution by site-directed mutagenesis of any one of the histidine residues H721, H837, and H852 by glutamine, or of H752 by serine, inhibits Cl- flux mediated by band 3 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Mutation of Lys 558 (K558N), the site of covalent binding of H2DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate) in the outer membrane surface, in combination with any one of the His/Gln mutations leads to partial (H721Q; H837Q) or complete (H852Q) restoration of Cl- flux. In contrast, inhibition of Cl- flux by mutation of proline or lysine residues in the vicinity of His 837 at the inner membrane surface cannot be reversed by the second-site mutation K558N, indicating specificity of interaction between Lys 558 and His 837. The histidine-specific reagent diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) is known to inhibit band 3-mediated anion exchange in red blood cells [Izuhara, K., Okubo, K., & Hamasaki, N. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 4725-4728]. It was also found to inhibit transport after expression in the oocyte of wild-type band 3, of the double mutants of the histidines listed above, and of the single mutant H752S. The effects on the wild type and the double mutants were indistinguishable, while the mutant H752S exhibited a considerably reduced sensitivity to inhibition, suggesting that His 752 is the most prominent site of action of DEPC. According to a hydrophobicity plot of band 3 and further independent evidence, Lys 558, the mutated histidines, and Glu 699, the mutation of which was also found to inhibit Cl- flux [Müller-Berger, S., Karbach, D., Kang, D., Aranibar, N., Wood, P. G., Rüterjans, H., & Passow, H. (1995) Biochemistry 34, 9325-9332], are most likely located in five different transmembrane helices. The interactions between Lys 558 and the various histidines suggest that these helices reside in close proximity. Together with the helix carrying Glu 699, they could form an access channel lined with an array of alternating histidine and glutamate residues. Together with a chloride ion bridging the gap between His 852 and His 837, they could have the potential to form, at low pH, a transmembrane chain of hydrogen bonds. The possible functional significance of such channel is discussed.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities