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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

T lymphocytes affect smooth muscle cell phenotype and proliferation.

The effects of rabbit T lymphocytes on rabbit aortic smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype and proliferation were investigated in vitro. SMCs seeded at confluent density in primary culture had a volume fraction of myofilaments (Vvmyo) of 49.8 +/- 2.6% after 3 days of culture, not significantly different from that of freshly dispersed cells (Vvmyo, 54.1 +/- 2.1%). Sister cultures of SMCs to which Concanavalin A-activated T lymphocytes or T lymphocyte-conditioned medium was added had significantly lower Vvmyo (35.5 +/- 2.2% and 31.6 +/- 2.3%, respectively) at the same time point. We have previously shown that a decrease in Vvmyo could be induced by the heparan sulfate-degrading activity of living macrophages and by commercial preparations of heparinase. While activated T lymphocytes also completely degraded heparan sulfate-rich 35S-labeled extracellular matrix (an effect inhibited by the addition of 10 micrograms/mL heparin), no heparanase-like activity was detected in T lymphocyte-conditioned medium, indicating that for this cell type SMC phenotypic change is induced by a different mechanism. Incubation of the T lymphocyte-derived cytokine interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) with freshly isolated rat SMCs caused a significant reduction in Vvmyo at day 2 in primary culture from 54.3 +/- 2.1% (control) to 35.4 +/- 3.0%. Furthermore, a neutralizing antibody specific for IFN-gamma removed the effect of T lymphocytes and medium conditioned by them, thus positively identifying IFN-gamma as the T lymphocyte factor responsible for this activity. T lymphocyte-conditioned medium was mitogenic for passaged (low Vvmyo) SMCs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. T lymphocytes affect smooth muscle cell phenotype and proliferation. Rolfe, B.E., Campbell, J.H., Smith, N.J., Cheong, M.W., Campbell, G.R. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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