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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Underestimation of vasodilator effects of nitroglycerin by upper limb blood pressure.

To determine why upper limb blood pressure measurement underestimates the vasodilator effects of nitroglycerin on lowering ascending aortic systolic pressure, we studied 24 patients (58 +/- 11 years, mean +/- SD). Ascending aortic pressure and radial artery pulse calibrated by cuff blood pressure measurement at the brachial artery were recorded simultaneously before and 5 minutes after sublingual administration of 0.3 mg nitroglycerin. Waves were analyzed by a signal processor, and the fourth derivative wave was used to find the early (S1) and late (S2) systolic shoulders (S1 corresponds to the second zero crossing and S2 to the third zero crossing). Before nitroglycerin administration, maximal systolic pressure in the ascending aorta (141 +/- 21 mm Hg) coincided with the late systolic peak in all patients, and in most patients (21 of 24) maximal systolic pressure in the radial artery (140 +/- 19 mm Hg) coincided with the early systolic peak. Maximal systolic pressure decreased more in the ascending aorta than in the radial artery (22 +/- 13 and 11 +/- 11 mm Hg, respectively; P < .001). However, the reduction in the shoulder of late systolic pressure in the radial artery (24 +/- 13 mm Hg) clearly indicated the reduction in maximal systolic pressure (late systolic peak) in the ascending aorta. The augmentation index of the ratio of the height of late systolic pressure to early systolic pressure fell proportionally (r = .74, P < .001) in the radial artery (from 0.88 +/- 0.13 to 0.60 +/- 0.11) and in the ascending aorta (from 1.57 +/- 0.25 to 1.26 +/- 0.24), which indicated the reduction in late systolic pressures.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Underestimation of vasodilator effects of nitroglycerin by upper limb blood pressure. Takazawa, K., Tanaka, N., Takeda, K., Kurosu, F., Ibukiyama, C. Hypertension (1995) [Pubmed]
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