The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Combined hemodynamic echocardiographic Doppler evaluation of prostaglandin E1 effects in patients with severe dilated cardiomyopathy undergoing evaluation for heart transplantation.

BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E1 has been used in patients undergoing evaluation for heart transplantation. Because of high lung metabolism, the drug has been used to test pulmonary vasoreactivity, although a systemic effect is also present. The purpose of this study is a more thorough assessment of the drug. METHODS: Prostaglandin E1 was infused with progressive steps in 14 patients in New York Heart Association class III to IV with severe dilated cardiomyopathy. The patients were studied through a combined hemodynamic and Doppler echocardiographic evaluation. RESULTS: With prostaglandin E1, mean aortic and pulmonary arterial pressure decreased by 7% (p < 0.01) and 24% (p < 0.001), respectively with a 23% (p < 0.001) increase in stroke volume index. Systemic vascular resistance decreased by 22% (p < 0.001), and pulmonary vascular resistance decreased by 33% (p < 0.001), with a 15% decrease in the pulmonary/systemic vascular resistance ratio. Heart rate was unaffected. Minimum and end-diastolic left ventricular pressure decreased by 35% (p < 0.001) and 21% (p < 0.001), respectively. The logarithmic time constant of left ventricular isovolumetric relaxation and maximum rate of isovolumic pressure decline were not modified. Early and late left ventricle diastolic filling were not significantly modified if considered separately, but there was a 27% (p < 0.01) decrease in the early/late filling ratio, suggesting a redistribution of diastolic filling to later in diastole. The 34% (p < 0.01) decrease in right atrial pressure suggests a reduction in intrapericardial pressure which mirrors the significant change in the early/late ratio toward a less restrictive filling pattern. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible that the end-stage ventricles of these patients respond to the reduction in pulmonary and systemic resistances secondary to prostaglandin E1 infusion by increasing stroke volume, with a redistribution of diastolic filling to later in diastole.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities