The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The flavin reductase activity of the flavoprotein component of sulfite reductase from Escherichia coli. A new model for the protein structure.

Sulfite reductase (SiR) from Escherichia coli has a alpha 8 beta 4 subunit structure, where alpha 8 is a flavoprotein (SiR-FP) containing both FAD and FMN as prosthetic groups. It also exhibits a NADPH:flavin oxidoreductase activity with exogenous riboflavin, FMN, and FAD serving as substrates. The flavin reductase activity may function during activation of ribonucleotide reductase or during ferrisiderophore reduction. A plasmid containing cysJ gene, coding for the alpha subunit, overexpresses flavin reductase activity by 100-fold, showing that alpha is the site of free flavin reduction. The overproducer allows a fast and simple preparation of large amounts of the flavoprotein. Kinetic studies of its flavin reductase activity demonstrates a ping-pong bisubstrate-biproduct reaction mechanism. NADP+ inhibition studies show that both substrates, NADPH and free flavins, bind to the same site. While the FAD cofactor mediates the electron transfer between NADPH and free flavins, the FMN cofactor is not essential since a FMN-depleted SiR-FP retains a large proportion of activity. In contradiction with previous reports, SiR-FP is found to contain 1.6-1.7 flavin per alpha subunit. This result, together with the sequence homology between SiR-FP and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase, suggests a new model for the structure of the protein with one FMN and one FAD prosthetic group per alpha subunit.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities