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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Regulation of Sertoli cell alpha 2-macroglobulin and clusterin (SGP-2) secretion by peritubular myoid cells.

alpha 2-Macroglobulin and clusterin are two putative Sertoli cell secretory products; however, the regulator(s) modulating their secretion by Sertoli cells is not known. Recent studies from this laboratory have shown that the testicular alpha 2-macroglobulin, unlike its liver homologue, is not an acute-phase reactant and its concentration is not affected by acute inflammation. We sought to determine whether FSH, testosterone, and other biomolecules would affect the secretion of alpha 2-macroglobulin and clusterin by Sertoli cells as well as whether peritubular myoid cells would affect the secretion of these proteins by Sertoli cells. It was noted that Sertoli cells cultured in vitro secreted increasing amounts of alpha 2-macroglobulin and clusterin as a function of time. FSH (50-1000 ng/ml) and testosterone (10(-11)-10(-5) M) had no apparent effect on the secretion of alpha 2-macroglobulin and clusterin by Sertoli cells. Addition of interleukin-6 to Sertoli cell-enriched cultures, in doses known to stimulate alpha 2-macroglobulin secretion by hepatocytes, did not affect the alpha 2-macroglobulin secretion. However, dexamethasone at 10(-7)-10(-5) M stimulated alpha 2-macroglobulin secretion by Sertoli cells dose-dependently while the addition of interleukin-6 had no synergistic effect on dexamethasone- stimulated alpha 2-macroglobulin secretion. These findings suggest that the synthesis and/or secretion of alpha 2-macroglobulin by Sertoli cells is regulated by a mechanism distinct from that of the liver.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. Regulation of Sertoli cell alpha 2-macroglobulin and clusterin (SGP-2) secretion by peritubular myoid cells. Zwain, I.H., Grima, J., Stahler, M.S., Saso, L., Cailleau, J., Verhoeven, G., Bardin, C.W., Cheng, C.Y. Biol. Reprod. (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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