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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CP-115,953 stimulates cytokine production by lymphocytes.

The cytotoxic quinolone CP-115,953 specifically exerts its inhibitory effect upon eukaryotic topoisomerase II. CP-115,953 stimulates DNA cleavage mediated by topoisomerase II with a potency approximately 600 times greater than that of ciprofloxacin, a quinolone antibacterial agent that currently is in clinical use. Because ciprofloxacin has been reported to strongly enhance interleukin-2 production, we considered it important to study the effect of CP-115,953 on interleukin-2 and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) mRNA and protein expression in mitogen-stimulated human peripheral blood lymphocytes. For comparison, novobiocin and the antineoplastic drug etoposide were also included in the study. CP-115,953 (25 microM) enhanced interleukin-2 mRNA levels up to 8-fold and IFN-gamma mRNA concentrations up to 6.5-fold. In contrast, ciprofloxacin (282 microM) induced mRNAs for interleukin-2 and IFN-gamma up to 20-fold and 7.8-fold, respectively. However, CP-115,953 showed more prolonged kinetics of IFN-gamma mRNA production than ciprofloxacin. At high concentrations (> or = 141 microM), ciprofloxacin was a greater inducer of interleukin-2 production and exhibited a higher level of stimulatory action than CP-115,953 on IFN-gamma synthesis. At low concentrations, however, CP-115,953 (< or = 25 microM) was more potent than ciprofloxacin in inducing interleukin-2 and IFN-gamma synthesis. Etoposide or novobiocin did not influence cytokine mRNA expression. Thus, among the topoisomerase II inhibitors tested, fluoroquinolones are unique in stimulating cytokine synthesis in lymphocyte cultures.[1]


  1. CP-115,953 stimulates cytokine production by lymphocytes. Riesbeck, K., Forsgren, A. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1995) [Pubmed]
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