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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structural basis of G protein specificity of human endothelin receptors. A study with endothelinA/B chimeras.

The endothelin (ET) family of peptides acts via two subtypes of guanine nucleotide- binding regulatory protein (G protein)- coupled receptors termed ETA and ETB. ET-1 stimulated cAMP formation in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing human wild-type ETA (CHO/hETA cells) while it inhibited cAMP formation in CHO cells expressing human wild-type ETB (CHO/hETB cells), and pharmacological evidence indicated that the opposite effects were due to the selective coupling of each receptor subtype with G alpha s/G alpha i. To find out a receptor domain(s) that determined the selective coupling, a series of chimeric receptors between hETA and hETB was expressed on CHO cells, and the effect of ET-1 on cAMP formation in each cell line was tested. hETA with the replacement of second and/or third intracellular loop (ICLII and/or -III) to the corresponding region(s) of hETB failed to transmit the stimulatory effect of ET-1. hETB with the replacement of ICLIII to the corresponding region of hETA failed to transmit the inhibitory effect of ET-1. A chimeric receptor with ICLII of hETB and with ICLIII of hETA failed to transmit both effects. In cells expressing chimeric receptors with ICLII of hETA and with ICLIII of hETB, ET-1 inhibited cAMP formation while it stimulated cAMP formation when cells were pretreated with pertussis toxin. These results indicated the roles of ICLII and -III of hETR as a major determinant of the selective coupling of hETA and hETB with G alpha s/G alpha i, respectively. We also demonstrated that each receptor subtype expressed on the same cell could work independently, i.e. for hETA to activate G alpha s and for hETB to activate G alpha i, resulting in dose-dependent dual effects of ET-1 on cAMP formation.[1]


  1. Structural basis of G protein specificity of human endothelin receptors. A study with endothelinA/B chimeras. Takagi, Y., Ninomiya, H., Sakamoto, A., Miwa, S., Masaki, T. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
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