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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vasoconstriction in rat isolated mesentery and small intestine in response to various activators of protein kinase C.

The vasculature of rat isolated mesentery and small intestine was perfused with a gelatin-containing physiological salt solution (GPSS). When 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT, 1 x 10(-4) M), or the calcium ionophore A23187 (1 x 10(-4) M), or 12-deoxyphorbol 13-phenylacetate (DOPPA, 1 x 10(-6) M), or 12-deoxyphorbol 13-phenylacetate 20-acetate (DOPPAA, 1 x 10(-6) M) or thymeleatoxin (TMX, 1 x 10(-6) M) was added to the GPSS for 5 min there was a gradual rise in perfusion pressure, whereas resiniferatoxin (RFX, 1 x 10(-6) M) was without effect. Pre-treatment of the tissue with the protein kinase C ( PKC) inhibitor Ro 31-8220 (1 x 10(-6) M) significantly reduced the rise in perfusion pressure in response to 5HT, DOPPA, DOPPAA and TMX, but not that to A23187. Platelet-activating factor (PAF, 5 x 10(-6) M) caused an almost immediate but transient rise in perfusion pressure, followed by a more gradual rise, neither response being blocked by Ro 31-8220. When blood vessels of the mesentery alone were perfused with gelatin-free PSS, PAF caused a transient rise in perfusion pressure, but with no subsequent gradual rise over 5 min. After Ca(2+)-depletion this transient response was also absent. In contrast, when blood vessels were perfused with gelatin-free PSS, DOPPA and TMX still caused gradual rises in perfusion pressure, which were totally abolished by Ro 31-8220. TMX had no effect at all when the tissue was depleted of Ca2+, whereas the response to DOPPA was only partially reduced.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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