The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Desensitization of platelet-activating factor receptors, induced by inflammation in guinea pig ileal smooth muscle cells.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is involved in the pathophysiology of motility changes induced by intestinal inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible desensitization of PAF receptors in guinea pig intestinal smooth muscle cells after experimental inflammation induced by trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNB). METHODS: Saline or TNB (80 mg/kg) was injected in the intestinal lumen, and the animals were killed 6 days later. Smooth muscle cells from the circular layer were isolated, and cell contraction induced by PAF was measured. RESULTS: In cells from saline-treated animals, PAF induced a maximal cell contraction at 10 nmol/L and half-maximal contraction (EC50) was 9 +/- 0.2 pmol/L. After TNB injection, the maximal contraction induced by PAF was observed at 1000 nmol/L and EC50 was 300 +/- 70 pmol/L, indicating a 2 logmol/L right shift of the concentration-response curve of PAF. When animals were treated with the PAF antagonist, 20 mg/kg BN52021, or with 2 mg/kg indomethacin for the 6 days after TNB instillation, the right-sided shift of the concentration-response curve of PAF did not occur. CONCLUSIONS: Desensitization of PAF receptors occurring in intestinal smooth muscle cells after TNB instillation could be mediated in vivo by PAF itself via a prostaglandin-dependent pathway.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities