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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinoids downregulate both p60 and p80 forms of tumor necrosis factor receptors in human histiocytic lymphoma U-937 cells.

Because retinoids are known to modulate the growth and differentiation effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), we investigated the effect of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) on the cell surface expression of TNF receptors in human histiocytic lymphoma U-937 cells. RA decreased the specific binding of 125I-labeled TNF to these cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The maximal decrease occurred when cells were treated with 1 mumol/L RA for 24 hours at 37 degrees C. Scatchard analysis of the binding indicated that the decrease by RA was caused by a decrease in receptor number and not by a decrease in affinity. The downmodulation of TNF receptors was also confirmed by covalent receptor-ligand cross-linking studies. Receptor-mediated internalization of the ligand was also found to be decreased on treatment of cells with RA. Northern blot analysis also indicated a decrease in the transcript of the receptor. By using antibodies specific to either the p60 or p80 form of the TNF receptor, we found that both receptors were downregulated by RA. RA treatment also decreased TNF receptors on acute monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1. Other analogues of RA, specifically 9-cis-RA, (E)-4-[2-(5,6,7,8- tetrahydro-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl]-benzoic acid (TTNPB), and 3-methyl-TTNPB, which differ in their specificity towards different RA receptors, were also active in downregulating TNF receptors. 3-Methyl-TTNPB, which is more specific for the RXR form of the RA receptor, was found to be most potent. The downregulation of TNF receptors by RA correlated with the downmodulation of the antiproliferative effects of TNF against U-937 cells. Overall, our results indicate that RA downmodulates both the p60 and p80 form of the TNF receptor on cells of myeloid origin, which correlates with the cellular response.[1]


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