The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Role of endogenous endothelin-1 in experimental renal hypertension in dogs.

BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1, a vasoconstrictive peptide released by endothelium, may be involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the role of endogenous endothelin-1 in renal hypertension in dogs. The model of hypertension consisted of silk tissue wrapping of the left kidney, which produced hypertension associated with perinephritis after 6 to 8 weeks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-two anesthetized open chest dogs were studied randomly: 8 dogs with perinephritic hypertension received the nonpeptidic ETA-ETB receptor antagonist bosentan (group 1); 8 other hypertensive dogs received the vehicle solution (group 2); 8 healthy dogs received bosentan (group 3); and 8 healthy dogs received the vehicle solution (group 4). Bosentan was injected as an intravenous bolus (3 mg/kg) followed by a 1-hour infusion at a rate of 7 mg.kg-1.h-1. In hypertensive dogs, bosentan produced a similar decrease (P = .0001) of both left ventricular systolic and mean aortic pressures, which averaged 38 mm Hg (-22% and -24%, respectively). These parameters remained unchanged with the vehicle solution. Left ventricular end-diastolic and left atrial pressures also declined significantly with bosentan (P = .0005 and P < .05, respectively). Left ventricular lengths tended to decrease. The other cardiovascular parameters (heart rate, peak [+]dP/dt, time constant of relaxation, and coronary vascular resistance) did not change significantly. In healthy dogs, bosentan decreased mean aortic pressure by 19 mm Hg (P = .004). Vehicle solution had no effect. Plasma endothelin-1 levels, similar under basal conditions in healthy and hypertensive dogs, increased 30-fold with bosentan (P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Specific endothelin-1 receptor antagonism markedly lowers blood pressure in experimental hypertension but is less effective on blood pressure of healthy animals. This suggests that endothelin-1 plays a role in the pathophysiology of hypertension but contributes to a lesser extent to the maintenance of normal blood pressure. This role of endothelin-1 is unrelated to its plasma levels. The increase of plasma endothelin-1 with bosentan, due either to a displacement of endothelin-1 from its receptor or to a feedback mechanism, does not prevent this blood pressure reduction.[1]

References

  1. Role of endogenous endothelin-1 in experimental renal hypertension in dogs. Donckier, J., Stoleru, L., Hayashida, W., Van Mechelen, H., Selvais, P., Galanti, L., Clozel, J.P., Ketelslegers, J.M., Pouleur, H. Circulation (1995) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities