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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutations in the COL4A5 gene in Alport syndrome: a possible mutation in primordial germ cells.

Using a combination of gene amplification with single strand conformation polymorphisms analysis and sequencing, we examined the COL4A5 gene in 37 patients with Alport syndrome. In patient A8, a single base insertion was noted at codon 1,597 tyrosine in exon 49. The premature terminal signal appeared and 89 amino acids (approximately one-third) of the non-collagenous domain were lost. The mutation was present in the mother, hence she is heterozygous. In patient A12, the nucleotide changed from C to T at codon 1,679 glutamine in exon 51, which created a termination codon, and 7 amino acids at the carboxyl terminus were lost. Gene tracking using peripheral leukocytes revealed that the parents did not carry the mutant allele, while the sister was heterozygous. DNA samples from hair roots and skin fibroblasts of the mother were normal and immunological examination of the epidermis of the mother indicated that the alpha 5(IV) chain was normally expressed. As these results suggest that somatic cells of the mother do not carry the mutant allele, the primordial germ cells possibly carry a fresh mutation in the mother of patient A12.[1]


  1. Mutations in the COL4A5 gene in Alport syndrome: a possible mutation in primordial germ cells. Nakazato, H., Hattori, S., Ushijima, T., Matsuura, T., Koitabashi, Y., Takada, T., Yoshioka, K., Endo, F., Matsuda, I. Kidney Int. (1994) [Pubmed]
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