The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Eosinophil 15-lipoxygenase is a leukotriene A4 synthase.

5-Lipoxygenase is the first committed enzyme in the leukotriene biosynthetic pathway and is known to catalyze not only the first oxygenation of arachidonate to form 5(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5(S)-HPETE), but also dehydration of this intermediate into leukotriene A4 (LTA4) by an activity termed leukotriene A4 synthase. Inhibition of cytosolic 5-lipoxygenase prepared from human blood granulocytes with zileuton (100 microM) was virtually complete, but LTA4 synthase activity was only inhibited by 47%. Structural characterization of eicosanoids synthesized in these preparations revealed an abundance of 15-lipoxygenase metabolites including 15-HETE when arachidonate was used as substrate and 5(S),15(S)-dihydroxy-6,8,11,13(E,E,Z,Z)-eicosatetraenoic acid when 5(S)-HPETE was used as substrate. When neutrophils were prepared that contained less than 1% eosinophil contamination, zileuton was found to almost completely inhibit all 5-lipoxygenase, as well as LTA4 synthase products. Immunochemical analysis of the supernatants from purified neutrophils and eosinophils confirmed the previous observation that neutrophils do not express 15-lipoxygenase. Incubation of 5(S)-HPETE with recombinant mammalian 15-lipoxygenase resulted in the formation of 6-trans-LTB4 and 6-trans-12-epi-LTB4 as LTA4 products, as well as the 12-lipoxygenase product 5(S),12(S)-diHPETE. The mechanism of action of 15-lipoxygenase acting as an LTA4 synthase is proposed to involve removing the pro-R hydrogen atom at carbon-10 of 5(S)-HPETE, which is antarafacial to the hydroperoxy group to yield LTA4.[1]


  1. Eosinophil 15-lipoxygenase is a leukotriene A4 synthase. MacMillan, D.K., Hill, E., Sala, A., Sigal, E., Shuman, T., Henson, P.M., Murphy, R.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities