The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics, dose proportionality, and tolerability of gadobutrol after single intravenous injection in healthy volunteers.

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES. Gadobutrol is a new gadolinium-based hydrophilic and neutral macrocyclic contrast medium for magnetic resonance imaging. In this article, the authors report on the first application of gadobutrol in humans, up to a dose of 0.5 mmol/kg. METHODS. Gadobutrol was investigated after single intravenous administration in two phase-1 studies testing low (0.5 mol/L) and high concentrations (1 mol/L) in healthy, male volunteers using a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study with n = 55 for the low concentration (0.04, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mmol/kg body weight), followed by n = 36 for the high concentration (0.3, 0.4, and 0.5 mmol/kg body weight). Vital signs and laboratory parameters were measured for all dose groups investigated, whereas for the calculation of the pharmacokinetic parameters, the dose groups 0.04, 0.1, and 0.4 mmol/kg body weight were selected. RESULTS. Gadobutrol was well tolerated up to doses of 0.5 mmol/kg, and no relevant changes in vital signs and laboratory parameters occurred. The terminal disposition half-life of gadobutrol in plasma was approximately 1.5 hours. Total clearance approximated renal clearance and approximated the value of 120 mL/min, indicating glomerular filtration as the main pathway of elimination. The steady-state volume of distribution indicated predominantly extracellular distribution of gadobutrol. No metabolites were detected. The renal excretion rate was linear over the large dose range tested, indicating dose-proportionate, first-order kinetics of gadobutrol. CONCLUSION. Single intravenous administration of gadobutrol was well tolerated up to the dose level of 0.5 mmol/kg body weight. These factors suggest that gadobutrol will be a safe magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetics, dose proportionality, and tolerability of gadobutrol after single intravenous injection in healthy volunteers. Staks, T., Schuhmann-Giampieri, G., Frenzel, T., Weinmann, H.J., Lange, L., Platzek, J. Investigative radiology. (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities