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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apoptosis induction with three nucleoside analogs on freshly isolated B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells.

The cytotoxic effects and the induction of programmed cell death (apoptosis) by Fludarabine (FLU), 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA), and deoxycoformycin (DCF) with/without alpha-interferon (alpha-IFN) were evaluated in vitro against freshly isolated B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells. Cytotoxicity was evaluated according to the soluble tetrazolium/formazan assay. Regarding the cytotoxicity, FLU, 2-CdA, and DCF showed a mean antitumor activity of 45% +/- 3.39 (mean +/- S.D.), 55% +/- 4.72, and 20% +/- 3.16, respectively. alpha-IFN alone showed a mean cytotoxic activity of 10% +/- 2.72. The cytotoxicity of these purine analogues in combination with alpha-IFN was 52% +/- 2.97, 75% +/- 3.41, and 26% +/- 7.09, respectively. We observed a statistically significant increase of cytotoxicity compared to controls in FLU alone (P < 0.05), 2-CdA (P < 0.05), and their combination with alpha-IFN (P < 0.05). Apoptosis was evaluated by electrophoresis gel of DNA oligonucleosomal fragments and by a cytofluorimetric method. Only FLU and 2-CdA activated the apoptosis and DCF showed a minor apoptotic pathway amount. These apoptosis data were confirmed by both gel electrophoresis of DNA and by propidium iodide cytofluorimetric method. FLU and 2-CdA show activity in B-CLL cells by direct cytotoxic action and the induction of cell death by apoptosis; in the future, it would be interesting to utilize these in vitro assays in monitoring chemosensitivity and predicting response for the clinical use.[1]


  1. Apoptosis induction with three nucleoside analogs on freshly isolated B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells. Zinzani, P.L., Tosi, P., Visani, G., Martinelli, G., Farabegoli, P., Buzzi, M., Ottaviani, E., Salvucci, M., Bendandi, M., Zaccaria, A. Am. J. Hematol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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