The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential effect of forms A and B of human progesterone receptor on estradiol-dependent transcription.

In addition to stimulation of the target gene fatty-acid synthetase, the synthetic progestin R5020 strongly inhibited estradiol-induced pS2 and cathepsin D mRNA levels in MCF7 human breast cancer cells as shown by Northern blot analysis. Inhibition was half-maximal with 30 pM R5020, and the antiprogestin RU486 had only a weak effect. Two human progesterone receptor isoforms have been described; isoform A is a truncated form of isoform B and lacks the 164 N-terminal amino acids. We hypothesized that the two isoforms could have a differential capacity to transrepress estrogen-induced responses. Therefore, in MDA-MB231 cells containing no progesterone and estrogen receptors, we transiently transfected progesterone receptor expression vectors coding for form B (hPR1 or hPR0) or form A (hPR2) along with the estrogen receptor expression vector HEO. We show that R5020 inhibited estradiol-induced transcription of the pS2-CAT reporter plasmid only in cells selectively expressing isoform B. The same results were obtained when progesterone receptor isoforms were overexpressed in MCF7, Ishikawa, HeLa, or NIH-3T3 cells. Transrepression was dependent on the promoter context since the extent of inhibition by isoform B was higher when evaluated with pS2 or cathepsin D nonpalindromic estrogen-responsive element-mediated transcription than with the perfect palindromic form of the vitellogenin gene. Isoform A was inefficient regardless of the reporter construct used. Inhibition varied with the isoform ratio, and isoform B had a dominant effect, with > 70% inhibition measured in cells transfected with the same amount of both progesterone receptor isoforms. Progestin repressed only one of the two transcription activation functions of the estrogen receptor, AF-2, which corresponds to the hormone-binding domain. We conclude that differential expression of progesterone receptor isoforms could be responsible for a tissue-specific inhibition of estrogen target genes by progestins.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities