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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of the CD28 costimulatory molecule on subsets of murine intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes correlates with lineage and responsiveness.

The CD28 antigen has been recently demonstrated to be a costimulatory molecule and is expressed by almost all thymic and peripheral T cell receptor (TcR) alpha beta+ and gamma delta+ cells in the mouse system. We show here that expression of CD28 is heterogeneous among murine intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL). Whereas some TcR alpha beta-expressing IEL subsets such as CD4+8- and CD4-8 alpha+ beta+ cells express CD28 at the same levels as their phenotypic counterparts in lymph node, other subsets of TcR alpha beta cells (including CD4-8 alpha+ beta- and CD4+8 alpha+ beta- cells) as well as TcR gamma delta+ IEL fail to express CD28. Parallel experiments using aged BALB/c-nu/nu mice indicated that CD28 expression patterns among IEL are quite similar to those of normal BALB/c mice. Furthermore, forward light scatter analysis showed that CD28- cells are considerably larger than CD28+ cells in the gut, although cycling cells were rare in both subsets. Finally CD28- cells in the gut did not proliferate or produce IL-2 upon stimulation by anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, whereas CD28+ cells in the gut and lymph nodes responded to these stimuli. The response of the CD28+ cells was enhanced by anti-CD28 mAb. These results suggest that CD28- IEL (CD4- 8 alpha+ beta- cells, and some CD4+ 8 alpha+ beta- cells) may follow a different developmental pathway from that of CD28+ IEL in a thymus-independent environment, and that expression of CD28 correlates with responsiveness of the cells to triggering via the TcR-CD3 complex.[1]


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