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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of calbindin D-28K in Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells by 1,25(OH)2D3.

Renal calbindin D-28K is a calcium binding protein, localized to the distal nephron, whose expression is reduced in vitamin D deficiency and increased upon administration of 1,25(OH)2D3, the active form of vitamin D. Investigation into the molecular regulation of renal calbindin D-28K expression has been limited by the lack of an established cell line which expresses calbindin D-28K in a vitamin D responsive manner. In the studies described here, we compared the expression of calbindin D-28K and the vitamin D receptor ( VDR) in four renal cell lines: Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells, Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, LLC-PK1 pig kidney cells and opossum kidney (OK) cells. We report that MDBK cells express the highest relative levels of calbindin D-28K and the VDR, and that 1,25(OH)2D3 increases calbindin D-28K expression in these cells. No expression of calbindin D-28K was detected in MDCK, LLC-PK1 or OK cells. Kinetic studies indicated that calbindin D-28K protein increased with time for up to 24 hours after a single dose of 1,25(OH)2D3 (10(-7) M) in MDBK cells. Immunofluorescence studies indicated that in control MDBK cells, the majority of calbindin D-28K was localized in cytosol, with a definite concentration in the peri-nuclear region. In 1,25(OH)2D3 treated cells, calbindin D-28K was enhanced in cytosol and was detected within the nucleus. In contrast to heterogeneous primary culture systems, in which a minority of cells express calbindin D-28K, virtually all MDBK cells expressed calbindin D-28K, even in the absence of 1,25(OH)2D3.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Induction of calbindin D-28K in Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells by 1,25(OH)2D3. Gagnon, A.M., Simboli-Campbell, M., Welsh, J.E. Kidney Int. (1994) [Pubmed]
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