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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunoassays for measurement of chromogranin A and pancreastatin-like immunoreactivity in humans: correspondence in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasia.

Chromogranin A ( CgA) is a useful marker of neuroendocrine tumors in humans. Here we describe and compare two immunoassay methods for determination of CgA, a radioimmunoassay (RIA) and an enzyme linked immunoassay (ELISA). The detection limit of the ELISA was lower than that of the RIA method (2 ng/ml versus 10 ng/ml, respectively), though the CgA RIA method covered a wider range than the CgA ELISA (10-920 ng/ml versus 2-500 ng/ml, respectively). There was no cross-reactivity with synthetic human and porcine pancreastatin ( PST) in the two assays. There was a significant positive correlation between levels of CgA in sera from patients with carcinoid disease, measured by the two methods (r = 0.9, p < 0.0001), and the values were in the same range. Similarly, serum CgA levels in normal controls were also in the same range when assayed by the two methods. A commercially available porcine PST RIA method was evaluated, especially with respect to the influence of Sep-Pak extraction of serum on the levels of pancreastatin-like immunoreactivity (PST-LI). Ten sera from carcinoid patients were treated with Sep-Pak extraction, and levels of PST-LI were determined in non-extracted and extracted sera. There was a significant positive correlation between the concentrations of PST-LI measured in extracted and non-extracted carcinoid sera (r = 0.9, p < 0.002), and the levels were in the same range. There was also a significant positive correlation between levels of CgA and PST-LI in 49 carcinoid sera (r = 0.8, p < 0.0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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