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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and sequence analysis of the meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylase gene from Bacillus methanolicus MGA3 and comparison to other decarboxylase genes.

The lysA gene of Bacillus methanolicus MGA3 was cloned by complementation of an auxotrophic Escherichia coli lysA22 mutant with a genomic library of B. methanolicus MGA3 chromosomal DNA. Subcloning localized the B. methanolicus MGA3 lysA gene into a 2.3-kb SmaI-SstI fragment. Sequence analysis of the 2.3-kb fragment indicated an open reading frame encoding a protein of 48,223 Da, which was similar to the meso-diaminopimelate (DAP) decarboxylase amino acid sequences of Bacillus subtilis (62%) and Corynebacterium glutamicum (40%). Amino acid sequence analysis indicated several regions of conservation among bacterial DAP decarboxylases, eukaryotic ornithine decarboxylases, and arginine decarboxylases, suggesting a common structural arrangement for positioning of substrate and the cofactor pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. The B. methanolicus MGA3 DAP decarboxylase was shown to be a dimer (M(r) 86,000) with a subunit molecular mass of approximately 50,000 Da. This decarboxylase is inhibited by lysine (Ki = 0.93 mM) with a Km of 0.8 mM for DAP. The inhibition pattern suggests that the activity of this enzyme in lysine-overproducing strains of B. methanolicus MGA3 may limit lysine synthesis.[1]


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