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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Topical flurbiprofen in extracapsular cataract surgery: effect on pupillary diameter and iris fluorescein leakage.

Recent clinical studies indicate that flurbiprofen, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, prevents miosis and breakdown of the blood-aqueous barrier during cataract surgery. Yet based on clinical and experimental data, some researchers do not agree that flurbiprofen prevents miosis. We conducted a double-blind clinical study of the effects of topical 0.03% flurbiprofen sodium on intraoperative pupillary diameter and iris fluorescein leakage after extracapsular cataract surgery. In the first phase of the study, 120 patients who had extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation were randomly assigned to receive preoperative topical flurbiprofen or a placebo, with or without intraoperative epinephrine, in addition to the standard regimen. In the second phase, 60 of the 120 patients continued the topical flurbiprofen or placebo for one month postoperatively. Iris fluorescein angiography was performed at the end of the first and the fourth weeks. The results indicate that flurbiprofen was significantly more effective (P < .0001) in maintaining mydriasis during surgery than the placebo. This action was enhanced by intraoperative epinephrine. Flurbiprofen also significantly reduced (P < .001) postoperative iris fluorescein leakage.[1]


  1. Topical flurbiprofen in extracapsular cataract surgery: effect on pupillary diameter and iris fluorescein leakage. Cillino, S., Casanova, F., Cucco, F., Ponte, F. Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. (1993) [Pubmed]
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