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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of hydrogen peroxide release from vascular endothelial cells by oxygen.

We have investigated factors that regulate hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) release from vascular endothelial cells. Endothelial cells produce H2O2 at an intracellular site in the vicinity of peroxisomes and at a second site near the cell surface that is inaccessible to intracellular catalase or glutathione peroxidase. Regulation of H2O2 generation at the intracellular site was studied using aminotriazole, which inactivates catalase in the presence of H2O2. Regulation of H2O2 generation at the second site was studied by measuring H2O2 release into the medium. The rate of H2O2 release was constant over 2 h when cells were incubated in room air. Changing O2 levels in the atmosphere from 0% to 10% O2 resulted in a threefold increase in the rate of H2O2 release. Elevation of O2 levels from 10% to 95% O2 produced no further enhancement in the rate of release. Preincubation of cells under hypoxic conditions did not lead to an exaggerated rate of H2O2 release when cells were returned to room air. Pretreatment of cells with exogenous H2O2 inhibited subsequent H2O2 release while pretreatment with catalase enhanced H2O2 release. Although arachidonic acid transiently enhanced the rate of H2O2 release through a mechanism dependent on PGH synthase, basal H2O2 release was independent of this enzyme. Neither hypoxia, hyperoxia, or hypoxia followed by reoxygenation altered H2O2 generation at the intracellular site accessible to peroxisomal catalase. These data demonstrate that H2O2 release from endothelial cells is responsive to changes in O2 concentrations over a narrow range. The mechanisms involved are subject to product inhibition and appear to be saturated at 10% O2 in the atmosphere.[1]


  1. Modulation of hydrogen peroxide release from vascular endothelial cells by oxygen. Kinnula, V.L., Mirza, Z., Crapo, J.D., Whorton, A.R. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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