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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification and characterization of a novel class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase overexpressed in a human breast adenocarcinoma cell line exhibiting oxazaphosphorine-specific acquired resistance.

Associated with the oxazaphosphorine-specific acquired resistance exhibited by a human breast adenocarcinoma subline growing in monolayer culture, viz. MCF-7/ OAP, was the overexpression (> 100-fold as compared with the very small amount expressed in the oxazaphosphorine-sensitive parent line) of a class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase, viz. ALDH-3, judged to be so because it is a polymorphic enzyme (pI values ca. 6.0) present in the cytosol that is heat labile, is insensitive to inhibition by disulfiram (25 microM), much prefers benzaldehyde to acetaldehyde as a substrate and, at concentrations of 4 mM, prefers NADP to NAD as a cofactor. No other aldehyde dehydrogenases were found in these cells. As compared with those of the prototypical class 3 human ALDH-3, viz. constitutive human stomach mucosa ALDH-3, the physical and catalytic properties of the MCF-7/ OAP enzyme differed somewhat with regard to pI values, native M(r), subunit M(r), recognition of the subunit by anti-stomach ALDH-3 IgY, pH stability, cofactor influence on catalytic activity, and the ability to catalyze, albeit poorly, the oxidation of an oxazaphosphorine, viz. aldophosphamide. Hence, the MCF-7/ OAP ALDH-3 was judged to be a novel class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase. Small amounts of a seemingly identical enzyme are also present in normal pre- and post-menopausal breast tissue. None could be detected in human liver, kidney or placenta, suggesting that it may be a tissue-specific enzyme.[1]


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