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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Clustering of neutrophil leucocytes in serum: possible role of C1q-containing immune complexes.

Clustering activity for neutrophil granulocytes was generated in pooled normal human serum (NHS) by incubation of the serum with preformed IgG aggregates, but not in heat-treated NHS (56 degrees C, 30 min), indicating that the function was complement-dependent. Judging from results of experiments with complement-deficient sera, and serum depleted of C1q, factor D and properdin, recruitment of the complement system beyond C1 was not required for induction of the activity. Zymosan treatment of NHS resulted in some neutrophil clustering activity, but recombinant C5a had a limited effect. C1q added to heat-treated NHS in conjunction with performed IgG aggregates supported neutrophil clustering in a dose-dependent manner. The serum C1q inhibitor, a chondroitin 4-sulphate proteoglycan known to interact with the collagenous part of C1q, clearly reduced neutrophil clustering in heat-treated NHS supplemented with C1q and IgG aggregates. The C1q inhibitor also reduced the inherent neutrophil clustering activity of some sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus ( SLE). Neutrophil clustering activity in SLE serum was earlier shown to be inversely related to the number of circulating neutrophils in vivo. Although the precise mechanisms remain unclear, we propose that C1q-containing immunoglobulin complexes mediate neutrophil clustering through C1q receptors, and that this might contribute to pathogenesis of immune complex diseases such as SLE.[1]


  1. Clustering of neutrophil leucocytes in serum: possible role of C1q-containing immune complexes. Sturfelt, G., Jonsson, H., Hellmer, G., Sjöholm, A.G. Clin. Exp. Immunol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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