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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Guanylin stimulation of Cl- secretion in human intestinal T84 cells via cyclic guanosine monophosphate.

Intestinal salt and fluid secretion is stimulated by Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxins (ST) through activation of a membrane guanylate cyclase found in the intestine. Guanylin is an endogenous intestinal peptide that has structural similarity to the bacterial peptides. Synthetic preparations of guanylin or E. coli ST 5-17 stimulated Cl- secretion in T84 cells cultured on semipermeable membranes as measured by increases in short circuit current (Isc). The guanylin/ST receptors appeared to be on the apical surface of T84 cells, since addition of guanylin to the apical, but not basolateral, reservoir stimulated Isc. Bumetanide added to the basolateral side effectively inhibited the Isc responses of T84 cells to either guanylin or ST 5-17. Guanylin appeared to be about one-tenth as potent as ST in stimulating transepithelial Cl- secretion. Guanylin and E. coli ST 5-17 both caused massive (> 1,000-fold) increases in cGMP levels in T84 cells, but guanylin was less potent than ST. Both peptides fully inhibited the binding of 125I-ST to receptor sites on intact T84 cells. The radioligand binding data obtained with guanylin or ST 5-17 best fit a model predicting two receptors with different affinity for these ligands. The Ki values for guanylin were 19 +/- 5 nM and 1.3 +/- 0.5 microM, whereas the Ki values for ST 5-17 were 78 +/- 38 pM and 4.9 +/- 1.4 nM. We conclude that guanylin stimulated Cl- secretion via the second messenger, cGMP, in T84 human colon cells. At least two guanylin receptors with different affinities for these ligands may exist in the cultured T84 cells. It may be postulated that guanylin is an endogenous hormone that controls intestinal Cl- secretion by a paracrine mechanism via cGMP and that E. coli ST stimulates Cl- secretion by virtue of an opportunistic mechanism through activation of guanylin receptors.[1]


  1. Guanylin stimulation of Cl- secretion in human intestinal T84 cells via cyclic guanosine monophosphate. Forte, L.R., Eber, S.L., Turner, J.T., Freeman, R.H., Fok, K.F., Currie, M.G. J. Clin. Invest. (1993) [Pubmed]
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