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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, CaM kinase-Gr, in human T lymphocytes. Regulation of kinase activity by T cell receptor signaling.

Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type Gr (CaM kinase-Gr) is a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase which is enriched in the brain and thymus. In this study, we examined the expression of CaM kinase-Gr in human lymphocytes and the regulation of its catalytic activity by antigen receptor signaling. CaM kinase-Gr was found selectively expressed in T lymphocytes in a developmentally regulated manner. It was present at severalfold higher levels in immature thymocytes (CD3low, CD4+CD8+) relative to mature thymocytes (CD3high, CD4+CD8-/CD8+CD4-) or to circulating T lymphocytes. The kinase was preferentially expressed in CD4+ T lymphocytes, but was not detected in B lymphocytes or in monocytes. The impact of T cell antigen receptor-CD3 complex (TCR.CD3) signaling on kinase activity was examined using Jurkat human leukemic T lymphocytes as a model. Treatment of Jurkat cells with anti TCR.CD3 monoclonal antibody induced rapid autophosphorylation of the kinase on serine residues and a dramatic, autophosphorylation-dependent enhancement of both Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent and autonomous kinase activity. Enzyme autophosphorylation and activation were dependent on the influx of extracellular Ca2+ following receptor signaling but could not be induced by an influx of extra-cellular Ca2+ triggered by ionophores, indicating that additional signals delivered via TCR.CD3 contribute to the activation of CaM kinase-Gr. These findings suggest a role for CaM kinase-Gr in T lymphocyte development and activation and indicate the presence of stringent regulatory mechanisms governing the activity of this kinase in situ.[1]


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