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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Muscarinic M1 receptor agonist actions of muscarinic receptor agonists in rabbit vas deferens.

In the electrically field-stimulated rabbit vas deferens, muscarinic receptor agonists increase twitch-height by actions at postjunctional M2 receptors and decrease twitch-height by actions at prejunctional M1 receptors. In the present studies, in contrast to previous reports, muscarinic receptor agonists primarily decreased twitch-height, produced minimal increases in twitch-height, and, produced identical responses in both epididymal and prostatic tissue segments, thus permitting a more detailed investigation of the M1 receptor component of action of muscarinic receptor agonists in the rabbit vas deferens. The nonselective muscarinic receptor agonist carbachol produced biphasic effects on twitch-height in the vas deferens: lower concentrations increased twitch-height to only approximately 25-30% over control, whereas higher concentrations inhibited the twitch. The selective M1 receptor antagonist pirenzepine blocked the inhibitory effects of carbachol, and unmasked carbachol-induced increases in twitch-height. Atropine, 4-DAMP (4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide) and AF-DX 116 (11-2[[2-[(diethylamino)methyl]-1-piperidinyl]acetyl]-5,11-dihydro- 6H-pyrido[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one) blocked both the inhibitory and stimulatory effects of carbachol, but atropine and 4-DAMP were more potent in blocking the inhibitory than the stimulatory effects of carbachol, whereas the reverse was true for AF-DX 116. McN-A-343 (4-hydroxy-2-butynyl)trimethylammonium chloride, m-chlorocarbanilate) and 12 other muscarinic receptor agonists from a variety of chemical classes also produced concentration-dependent decreases in twitch-height. The log IC50s of the muscarinic receptor agonists for decreasing twitch-height were highly correlated with their log Kis for inhibiting [3H]pirenzepine (r = 0.96) and [3H]oxotremorine-M (r = 0.85) binding in rat hippocampal membranes. The present results demonstrate that the muscarinic M1 receptor mediating inhibition of twitch-height in the rabbit vas deferens has pharmacologic properties similar to the muscarinic M1 receptor in rat hippocampus.[1]


  1. Muscarinic M1 receptor agonist actions of muscarinic receptor agonists in rabbit vas deferens. Shannon, H.E., Sawyer, B.D., Bemis, K.G., Bymaster, F.P., Health, I., Mitch, C.H., Ward, J.S. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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