The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of slow-wave repolarization and Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels by quaternary ammonium ions.

We studied the effects of the K+ channel blocker tetrapentylammonium (TPeA) on the electrical activity of intact circular smooth muscle from canine colon. TPeA (10 and 20 microM) increased slow-wave duration and "locked" the membrane potential around -30 mV plateau potential after several minutes of application, suggesting that K+ channels are essential for termination of colonic slow waves. Repolarization and normal slow-wave activity resumed after 20-30 min of washout. The patch-clamp technique was used to study the block of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels (BK channels) by TPeA and tetraethylammonium (TEA) in excised and cell-attached patches from isolated colonic smooth muscle cells. Channel block was characterized by a voltage-dependent dissociation constant [Kd(V)] for the binding of TEA and TPeA to a blocking site located a fraction of the distance across the membrane field (delta). The extracellular TEA binding site had a Kd(0) of 0.33 mM and a delta of 0.23. The extracellular TPeA binding site had a Kd(0) of 2.2 mM but showed significantly less voltage dependence (delta = 0.02). The intracellular binding site for TEA was of low affinity [Kd(0) = 76 mM]. Intracellular TPeA was the most potent blocker of BK channel current [Kd(0) = 11.7 microM]. The voltage dependence of block by intracellular TPeA (delta = -0.21) was not significantly different from that of intracellular TEA (delta = -0.3). Internal TPeA (10 microM) also blocked a 70-pS K+ channel and a 23-pS K+ channel.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Inhibition of slow-wave repolarization and Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels by quaternary ammonium ions. Carl, A., Frey, B.W., Ward, S.M., Sanders, K.M., Kenyon, J.L. Am. J. Physiol. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities