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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

YM-09151-2 but not l-sulpiride induces transient dopamine release in rat striatum via a tetrodotoxin-insensitive mechanism.

The effects of the selective dopamine D2 receptor antagonists YM-09151-2 and l-sulpiride on the in vivo release of dopamine (DA), L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA) in rat striatum were investigated. The drugs were injected into the striatum through a microinjection needle attached to a dialysis probe. YM-09151-2 (0.1 or 1.0 microgram/0.5 microliter) injected into the striatum produced a dramatic rapid-onset transient increase in striatal DA release in a dose-dependent manner. However, the DA increase induced by l-sulpiride (15 or 75 ng/0.5 microliter) was small and of slower onset. An increase of DOPAC levels by YM-09151-2 was biphasic: The first peak occurred at 40 min, followed by a delayed-onset gradual increase. Slower-onset gradual increases were also found in DOPAC levels after l-sulpiride injection and in HVA levels after injections of both YM-09151-2 and l-sulpiride. The infusion of tetrodotoxin (TTX; 2 microM) revealed two different types of DA release mechanisms: The rapid-onset transient DA release induced by YM-09151-2 was TTX insensitive, whereas the slower-onset DA release induced by l-sulpiride was TTX sensitive. Moreover, the rapid-onset transient DA release was Ca2+ independent and was not affected by pretreatment with l-sulpiride or nomifensine. Therefore, it is concluded that YM-09151-2 injected into the striatum produced a transient striatal DA release that is independent of D2 receptors and the action potential.[1]


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