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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5-Hydroxytryptamine2A (5-HT2A) receptor desensitization can occur without down-regulation.

The connection between agonist-induced desensitization and down-regulation of 5-hydroxytryptamine2A (5-HT2A) receptors was examined in a clonal cell line that stably expresses the 5-HT2A receptor. Brief (2-hr) and prolonged (24-hr) exposure to the agonist quipazine or the agonist 4-iodo-(2,5-dimethoxy)- phenylisopropylamine (DOI) diminished 5-HT2A receptor-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis; no change in 5-HT2A receptor number or affinity was measured after 24 hr of exposure to DOI or quipazine. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated that a 24-hr exposure to DOI did not alter surface 5-HT2A receptor immunoreactivity. Western blot analysis with G alpha q- and G alpha 11-selective antibodies indicate that a 24-hr agonist exposure did not alter the levels of phospholipase C-dependent G proteins. These results suggest that desensitization after prolonged DOI exposure can occur via a process independent of the levels of phospholipase C-coupled G proteins. Studies with a mutant 5-HT2A receptor (F340L) indicated that binding per se is not sufficient for desensitization. Down-regulation of the protein kinase C isozymes alpha and epsilon by overnight exposure to phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate attenuated the intermediate phase (i.e., after 2-6 hr of agonist exposure) of DOI- and quipazine-induced desensitization. These results indicate that the intermediate phase of DOI-induced desensitization is mediated by the alpha- and/or epsilon-protein kinase C isozymes but that neither is involved in the later phase (i.e., after 24 hr of agonist exposure) of desensitization.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. 5-Hydroxytryptamine2A (5-HT2A) receptor desensitization can occur without down-regulation. Roth, B.L., Palvimaki, E.P., Berry, S., Khan, N., Sachs, N., Uluer, A., Choudhary, M.S. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1995) [Pubmed]
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