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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gastrin induces tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc proteins and their association with the Grb2/Sos complex.

Gastrin/CCKB G protein-coupled receptors have been shown to mediate proliferative effects of their endogenous ligands. In the present study, we examined the signal transduction mechanisms linked to the G/CCKB receptor occupancy. We report here that gastrin stimulates MAP kinase activation in a dose- and time-dependent manner, a pathway known to play a key role in cell proliferation. We also characterized the molecular events, upstream of p21-Ras, that may link the MAP kinase pathway to G/CCKB receptors. Gastrin induced a rapid and transient increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins including the 2 isoforms (46 and 52 kDa) of the adaptor protein Shc. Phosphorylated Shc subsequently associated with a complex that includes Grb2 and the p21-Ras activator, Sos. Our results also indicate that Sos becomes phosphorylated in response to gastrin as shown by a reduction in electrophoretic mobility of the protein. Tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc and subsequent complex formation with Grb2 and Sos appear to be a common mechanism by which tyrosine kinase receptors and the G/CCKB G protein-coupled receptor stimulate the Ras-dependent MAP kinase pathway.[1]


  1. Gastrin induces tyrosine phosphorylation of Shc proteins and their association with the Grb2/Sos complex. Seva, C., Kowalski-Chauvel, A., Blanchet, J.S., Vaysse, N., Pradayrol, L. FEBS Lett. (1996) [Pubmed]
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