The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase from Haloferax volcanii: purification, characterization, and expression in Escherichia coli.

Prior work from this laboratory characterized eukaryotic (hamster) and eubacterial (Pseudomonas mevalonii) 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductases. We report here the characterization of an HMG-CoA reductase from the third domain, the archaea. HMG-CoA reductase of the halobacterium Haloferax volcanii was initially partially purified from extracts of H. volcanii. Subsequently, a portion of the H. volcanii lovastatin (formerly called mevinolin) resistance marker mev was subcloned into the Escherichia coli expression vector pT7-7. While no HMG-CoA reductase activity was detectable following expression in E. coli, activity could be recovered after extracts were exposed to 3 M KCl. Following purification to electrophoretic homogeneity, the specific activity of the expressed enzyme, 24 microU/mg, equaled that of homogeneous hamster or P. mevalonii HMG-CoA reductase. Activity was optimal at pH 7. 3. Kms were 66 microM (NADPH) and 60 microM [(S)-HMG-CoA]. (R)-HMG-CoA and lovastatin inhibited competitively with (S)-HMG-CoA. H. volcanii HMG-CoA reductase also catalyzed the reduction of mevaldehyde [optimal activity at pH 6.0; Vmax 11 microU/mg; Kms 32 microM (NADPH), 550 microM [(R,S)-mevaldehyde]] and the oxidative acylation of mevaldehyde [optimal activity at pH 8.0; Vmax 2.1 microU/mg; Kms 350 microM (NADP+), 300 microM (CoA), 470 microM [(R,S)-mevaldehyde]]. These properties are comparable to those of hamster and P. mevalonii HMG-CoA reductases, suggesting a similar catalytic mechanism.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities