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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

N-nitrosamines and their effects on the level of glutathione, glutathione reductase and glutathione S-transferase activities in the liver of male mice.

The present study investigates the influence of different chemical structure of N-nitroso compounds on the hepatic level of reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSH-R) and glutathione S-transferase ( GST) activities in the liver of male Balb/C mice after treatment with 20 mg/kg body weight of each compound for 1 h as a single dose. The level of reduced glutathione decreased significantly between 37 and 70% after the treatment of male mice with ethylbutylnitrosamine (-37%), diphenylnitrosamine (-50%), propylbutylnitrosamine (-52%), diethylnitrosamine (-54%), ethylmethylnitrosamine (-55%), and dibutylnitrosamine (-70%), whereas, methylpropylnitrosamine increased the level of GSH by 71%. All the N-nitrosamine compounds tested increased the activity of glutathione reductase except ethylmethylnitrosamine had no effect. The activity of glutathione S-transferase activity was inhibited after treatment of the male mice with diphenylnitrosamine (-60%), dibutylnitrosamine (-60%), and methylpropylnitrosamine (-81%), while, ethylmethylnitrosamine and ethylbutylnitrosamine had no effect on such activity. On the other hand, diethylnitrosamine increased the activity of glutathione S-transferase by 50%. It can be postulated from this study that the chemical structure of N-nitrosamines plays a significant role in the alteration of GSH level and GSH metabolizing enzymes, since the substitution of different groups on the nitroso group was found to be capable of causing an alteration in such activities.[1]


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