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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunohistochemically demonstrated variation in expression of cathepsin E between uracil-induced papillomatosis and N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine-induced preneoplastic and neoplastic changes in rat urinary bladder.

Expression of rat urinary bladder cathepsin E in benign papillomatosis induced by uracil and various stages of N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN)-induced carcinogenesis was investigated immunohistochemically. Seven-week-old, male F344/DuCrj rats were used. In the normal urothelium of control rats, cathepsin E stained in all layers of cells, although in umbrella cells and some basal cells the reaction was relatively weak. In rats given a diet containing 3% uracil for 5 weeks immunoreactivity of cathepsin E in uracil-induced papillomatosis was consistently homogeneous in all layers, but weaker than in normal urothelium. In rats given 0.05% BBN in drinking water for 12 weeks and subsequently maintained without treatment for 48 weeks cells with little cathepsin E, never observed in normal urothelium, appeared at 5 weeks above the basement membrane in the earliest stage of BBN-induced urinary bladder cancer (simple hyperplasia). Throughout the neoplastic process, groups of cells with a little cathepsin E were randomly distributed, with expression in the urothelium being markedly unstable. Almost all areas of squamous cell proliferation in TCC were negative for cathepsin E. Instability of cathepsin E expression in rat urothelium therefore appears characteristic for carcinogenesis and offers the possibility of using this feature as an early biomarker for urinary bladder carcinogenesis.[1]


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