The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Constitutive insulin-like growth factor-II expression interferes with the enterocyte-like differentiation of CaCo-2 cells.

In this study we have examined the role of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) in the differentiation of the CaCo-2 human colon carcinoma cell line. We have shown previously that IGF-II is an autocrine growth factor for CaCo-2 cells. IGF-II expression is high in proliferating, undifferentiated CaCo-2 cells and markedly decreases when cells become confluent and start to differentiate. To evaluate whether differentiation of CaCo-2 cells depends on an IGF-II related pathway, we treated cells with a blocking antibody to the IGF-I receptor that mediates most IGF-II biological effects. Treatment of preconfluent CaCo-2 cells with this antibody decreased by 40% autonomous cell proliferation and induced differentiation as shown by an increase in sucrase isomaltase activity and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mRNA levels. To examine the significance of autocrine IGF-II production in CaCo-2 cell differentiation, we generated stable CaCo-2 cell lines that constitutively express rat IGF-II under the control of a Rous sarcoma virus promoter. Sustained expression of IGF-II resulted in: (a) increased proliferative rate; (b) high IGF-I receptor number, even after reaching confluence; (c) increased capability of anchorage-independent growth; (d) inhibition of the expression of apoA-I and SI mRNAs. Analysis of several independent IGF-II-transfected clones showed an inverse correlation between IGF-II mRNA levels and expression of the differentiation markers, the cells expressing the higher levels of the transfected IGF-II being the less differentiated ones. Our data suggest that perturbation of IGF-II-mediated cell proliferation interferes with the enterocyte-like differentiation pathway of CaCo-2 cells.[1]


  1. Constitutive insulin-like growth factor-II expression interferes with the enterocyte-like differentiation of CaCo-2 cells. Zarrilli, R., Romano, M., Pignata, S., Casola, S., Bruni, C.B., Acquaviva, A.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities