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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Signal transduction in the archaeon Halobacterium salinarium is processed through three subfamilies of 13 soluble and membrane-bound transducer proteins.

Eubacterial transducers are transmembrane, methyl-accepting proteins central to chemotaxis systems and share common structural features. We identified a large family of transducer proteins in the Archaeon Halobacterium salinarium using a site-specific multiple antigenic peptide antibody raised against 23 amino acids, representing the highest homology region of eubacterial transducers. This immunological observation was confirmed by isolating 13 methyl-accepting taxis genes using a 27-mer oligonucleotide probe, corresponding to conserved regions between the eubacterial and first halobacterial phototaxis transducer gene htrI. On the basis of the comparison of the predicted structural domains of these transducers, we propose that at least three distinct subfamilies of transducers exist in the Archaeon H. salinarium: (i) a eubacterial chemotaxis transducer type with two hydrophobic membrane-spanning segments connecting sizable domains in the periplasm and cytoplasm; (ii) a cytoplasmic domain and two or more hydrophobic transmembrane segments without periplasmic domains; and (iii) a cytoplasmic domain without hydrophobic transmembrane segments. We fractionated the halobacterial cell lysate into soluble and membrane fractions and localized different halobacterial methyl-accepting taxis proteins in both fractions.[1]


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