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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Calcium mobilization and isometric tension in bovine tracheal smooth muscle: effects of salbutamol and histamine.

We determined if decreases in relative free intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) caused by salbutamol, a selective beta2-adrenoreceptor agonist, were paralleled by calcium egression from the cytosol in bovine trachealis muscle strips. [Ca2+]i, or tissue-surface extracellular calcium changes (Ts[Ca2+]ext), were monitored using Fluo-3 acetoxymethylester or Fluo-3 pentaammonium salt simultaneously with isometric tension. Salbutamol (1 microM) decreased histamine-induced isometric tension from an average peak tension of 128.5 +/- 18.4 to -4.9 +/- 0.3 mN/mm2, and reduced the associated sustained increases in [Ca2+]i from 100% at peak to 20.4 +/- 7.6%. Both histamine-induced elevation in [Ca2+]i and isometric tension were reversed completely by forskolin (1 microM). In muscle strip at active resting tension, salbutamol caused a decrease (49.6 +/- 12.1%) in [Ca2+]i. Following precontraction with histamine, salbutamol caused an immediate and sustained increase in Ts[Ca2+]ext which was not seen in a Na(+)-free solution. Finally, propranolol (10 microM) blocked both increases in Ts[Ca2+]ext and muscle relaxation caused by salbutamol. These findings indicate that in bovine trachealis muscle, the effect of salbutamol to decrease [Ca2+]i and isometric tension is via a beta2-adrenoceptor, and the changes in [Ca2+]i are by an increase in calcium egression via the Na(+)/Ca2+ exchanger, and reuptake by myoplasmic stores.[1]


  1. Calcium mobilization and isometric tension in bovine tracheal smooth muscle: effects of salbutamol and histamine. Hirsh, A.J., Benishin, C.G., Jones, R.L., Pang, P.K., Man, S.F. Cell Calcium (1996) [Pubmed]
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