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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distribution of basement membrane components in normal adipose tissue and in benign and malignant tumors of lipomatous origin.

Normal adipose tissue as well as 13 benign and 17 malignant lipomatous tumors (lipomas, hibernomas, lipoblastomas, and liposarcomas) were immunohistochemically analyzed for their expression of the basement membrane components collagen IV, laminin, heparan sulfate proteoglycan, and fibronectin. Monovacuolar cells in normal white fat tissue and in lipomas generally exhibited a distinctive pericellular basement membrane composed of collagen IV and laminin, whereas heparan sulfate proteoglycan and fibronectin were almost completely missing. In brown fat tissue and hibernomas the characteristic multivacuolated cells differed from the monovacuolated white fat cells by the additional content of heparan sulfate proteoglycan and fibronectin and the more intensive staining for the other components tested. In contrast, multi-/monovacuolated cells in lipoblastomas exhibited no characteristic immunohistochemical feature because they reacted irregularly and only faintly for collagen IV, laminin, and heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Spindle cell areas in benign lipomatous tumors displayed more fibronectin than laminin and heparan sulfate proteoglycan indicating a "preadipose" fibroblast-like cellular differentiation. In liposarcomas, only well-differentiated lipoma-like neoplasms revealed a basement membrane pattern resembling that of white fat tissue. Otherwise, in nonlipoma-like liposarcomas, a marked decrease particularly of collagen IV staining was evident. Poorly differentiated liposarcomas mostly failed to express any of the basement membrane components, but showed a relative increase of fibronectin. Our results provide evidence that the staining pattern of basement membrane components parallels the histogenetic derivation of benign lipomatous tumors from either brown or white adipose tissue and, additionally, may reflect such a derivation in liposarcomas.[1]


  1. Distribution of basement membrane components in normal adipose tissue and in benign and malignant tumors of lipomatous origin. Haraida, S., Nerlich, A.G., Wiest, I., Schleicher, E., Löhrs, U. Mod. Pathol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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