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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Slow acetylation in mice is caused by a labile and catalytically impaired mutant N-acetyltransferase (NAT2 9).

Three N-acetyltransferase genes (NAT*) were detected in inbred parental and congenic mice. Direct sequencing of NAT2* and liver cytosolic N-acetylation activity determinations with NAT2-specific (p-aminobenzoic acid) and NAT2-selective (2-aminofluorene) substrates have established that the acetylator congenic A.B6 and B6.A mice are genotypically and phenotypically identical to the parental B6 ("wild-type"; rapid acetylator) and A (mutant; slow acetylator) mice, respectively, from which they originated. The apparent KM for p-aminobenzoic acid and thermal inactivation rates determined with liver cytosol from the mutant (A and B6.A) mice were 3-fold and one order of magnitude higher than the corresponding values with liver cytosol from the wild-type (B6 and A.B6) strains. Northern blotting and immunoblotting revealed hepatic NAT2 mRNA and protein bands of equal size and intensity, regardless of the NAT2* genotype or phenotype of the animals. Incubation of liver cytosol from mutant A and B6.A mice at 37 degrees C for 6 hr resulted in virtual cessation of p-aminobenzoate N-acetylation activity, whereas the steady-state level of immunoreactive NAT2 remained unchanged. The results indicate that the amino acid change (N99I) in mutant NAT2* from slow acetylator mice does not hinder the synthesis of hepatic NAT2 protein, but, rather, leads to production of a conformationally modified NAT2 molecule that resists degradation by tissue proteases but is labile and catalytically impaired.[1]


  1. Slow acetylation in mice is caused by a labile and catalytically impaired mutant N-acetyltransferase (NAT2 9). De Leon, J.H., Martell, K.J., Vatsis, K.P., Weber, W.W. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1995) [Pubmed]
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