The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of 17beta-estradiol on cytokine-induced endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression.

One of the earliest events in atherosclerosis is interaction of circulating mononuclear leukocytes and the endothelium. Endothelial cell (EC) activation by cytokines results in expression of adhesion molecules and production of chemotactic factors, augmenting leukocyte adhesion and recruitment, respectively. The incidence of atherosclerosis in premenopausal women is significantly less than that observed in age-matched males with similar risk profiles. Because estrogen has gene regulatory effects, we investigated whether 17beta-estradiol (E2) can inhibit cytokine-mediated EC adhesion molecule transcriptional activation. Cultured human umbilical vein EC (estrogen receptor-positive) were propagated in gonadal hormone-free medium and were E2-pretreated for 48 h before IL-1 activation. Detected by FACS analysis, E2 strongly (60-80%) inhibited IL-1- mediated membrane E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 induction, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 hyperinduction. 17alpha-estradiol (an inactive E2 stereoisomer) had no effect. This inhibition correlated with similar reductions in steady state-induced E-selectin mRNA levels, and was abrogated by the E2 antagonist ICI 164,384, demonstrating a specific, estrogen receptor-mediated effect. Nuclear run-offs confirmed suppression at the transcriptional level. The implications of these results for the cardiovascular protective role of estrogen are discussed.[1]


  1. Effects of 17beta-estradiol on cytokine-induced endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression. Caulin-Glaser, T., Watson, C.A., Pardi, R., Bender, J.R. J. Clin. Invest. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities